Orchestrate Runner

Executing states or highstate on a minion is perfect when you want to ensure that minion configured and running the way you want. Sometimes however you want to configure a set of minions all at once.

For example, if you want to set up a load balancer in front of a cluster of web servers you can ensure the load balancer is set up first, and then the same matching configuration is applied consistently across the whole cluster.

Orchestration is the way to do this.

The Orchestrate Runner

New in version 0.17.0.

Note

Orchestrate Deprecates OverState

The Orchestrate Runner (originally called the state.sls runner) offers all the functionality of the OverState, but with some advantages:

The Orchestrate Runner replaced the OverState system in Salt 2015.8.0.

The orchestrate runner generalizes the Salt state system to a Salt master context. Whereas the state.sls, state.highstate, et al. functions are concurrently and independently executed on each Salt minion, the state.orchestrate runner is executed on the master, giving it a master-level view and control over requisites, such as state ordering and conditionals. This allows for inter minion requisites, like ordering the application of states on different minions that must not happen simultaneously, or for halting the state run on all minions if a minion fails one of its states.

The state.sls, state.highstate, et al. functions allow you to statefully manage each minion and the state.orchestrate runner allows you to statefully manage your entire infrastructure.

Writing SLS Files

Orchestrate SLS files are stored in the same location as State SLS files. This means that both file_roots and gitfs_remotes impact what SLS files are available to the reactor and orchestrator.

It is recommended to keep reactor and orchestrator SLS files in their own uniquely named subdirectories such as _orch/, orch/, _orchestrate/, react/, _reactor/, etc. This will avoid duplicate naming and will help prevent confusion.

Executing the Orchestrate Runner

The Orchestrate Runner command format is the same as for the state.sls function, except that since it is a runner, it is executed with salt-run rather than salt. Assuming you have a state.sls file called /srv/salt/orch/webserver.sls the following command, run on the master, will apply the states defined in that file.

salt-run state.orchestrate orch.webserver

Note

state.orch is a synonym for state.orchestrate

Changed in version 2014.1.1: The runner function was renamed to state.orchestrate to avoid confusion with the state.sls execution function. In versions 0.17.0 through 2014.1.0, state.sls must be used.

Masterless Orchestration

New in version 2016.11.0.

To support salt orchestration on masterless minions, the Orchestrate Runner is available as an execution module. The syntax for masterless orchestration is exactly the same, but it uses the salt-call command and the minion configuration must contain the file_mode: local option. Alternatively, use salt-call --local on the command line.

salt-call --local state.orchestrate orch.webserver

Note

Masterless orchestration supports only the salt.state command in an sls file; it does not (currently) support the salt.function command.

Examples

Function

To execute a function, use salt.function:

# /srv/salt/orch/cleanfoo.sls
cmd.run:
  salt.function:
    - tgt: '*'
    - arg:
      - rm -rf /tmp/foo
salt-run state.orchestrate orch.cleanfoo

If you omit the "name" argument, the ID of the state will be the default name, or in the case of salt.function, the execution module function to run. You can specify the "name" argument to avoid conflicting IDs:

copy_some_file:
  salt.function:
    - name: file.copy
    - tgt: '*'
    - arg:
      - /path/to/file
      - /tmp/copy_of_file
    - kwarg:
        remove_existing: true

State

To execute a state, use salt.state.

# /srv/salt/orch/webserver.sls
install_nginx:
  salt.state:
    - tgt: 'web*'
    - sls:
      - nginx
salt-run state.orchestrate orch.webserver

Highstate

To run a highstate, set highstate: True in your state config:

# /srv/salt/orch/web_setup.sls
webserver_setup:
  salt.state:
    - tgt: 'web*'
    - highstate: True
salt-run state.orchestrate orch.web_setup

Runner

To execute another runner, use salt.runner. For example to use the cloud.profile runner in your orchestration state additional options to replace values in the configured profile, use this:

# /srv/salt/orch/deploy.sls
create_instance:
  salt.runner:
    - name: cloud.profile
    - prof: cloud-centos
    - provider: cloud
    - instances:
      - server1
    - opts:
        minion:
          master: master1

To get a more dynamic state, use jinja variables together with inline pillar data. Using the same example but passing on pillar data, the state would be like this.

# /srv/salt/orch/deploy.sls
{% set servers = salt['pillar.get']('servers', 'test') %}
{% set master = salt['pillat.get']('master', 'salt') %}
create_instance:
  salt.runner:
    - name: cloud.profile
    - prof: cloud-centos
    - provider: cloud
    - instances:
      - {{ servers }}
    - opts:
        minion:
          master: {{ master }}

To execute with pillar data.

salt-run state.orch orch.deploy pillar='{"servers": "newsystem1",
"master": "mymaster"}'

More Complex Orchestration

Many states/functions can be configured in a single file, which when combined with the full suite of Requisites and Other Global State Arguments, can be used to easily configure complex orchestration tasks. Additionally, the states/functions will be executed in the order in which they are defined, unless prevented from doing so by any Requisites and Other Global State Arguments, as is the default in SLS files since 0.17.0.

bootstrap_servers:
  salt.function:
    - name: cmd.run
    - tgt: 10.0.0.0/24
    - tgt_type: ipcidr
    - arg:
      - bootstrap

storage_setup:
  salt.state:
    - tgt: 'role:storage'
    - tgt_type: grain
    - sls: ceph
    - require:
      - salt: webserver_setup

webserver_setup:
  salt.state:
    - tgt: 'web*'
    - highstate: True

Given the above setup, the orchestration will be carried out as follows:

  1. The shell command bootstrap will be executed on all minions in the 10.0.0.0/24 subnet.
  2. A Highstate will be run on all minions whose ID starts with "web", since the storage_setup state requires it.
  3. Finally, the ceph SLS target will be executed on all minions which have a grain called role with a value of storage.

Note

Remember, salt-run is always executed on the master.