# Windows-specific Behaviour¶

Salt is capable of managing Windows systems, however due to various differences between the operating systems, there are some things you need to keep in mind.

This document will contain any quirks that apply across Salt or generally across multiple module functions. Any Windows-specific behavior for particular module functions will be documented in the module function documentation. Therefore this document should be read in conjunction with the module function documentation.

## Group parameter for files¶

Salt was originally written for managing Unix-based systems, and therefore the file module functions were designed around that security model. Rather than trying to shoehorn that model on to Windows, Salt ignores these parameters and makes non-applicable module functions unavailable instead.

One of the commonly ignored parameters is the group parameter for managing files. Under Windows, while files do have a 'primary group' property, this is rarely used. It generally has no bearing on permissions unless intentionally configured and is most commonly used to provide Unix compatibility (e.g. Services For Unix, NFS services).

Because of this, any file module functions that typically require a group, do not under Windows. Attempts to directly use file module functions that operate on the group (e.g. file.chgrp) will return a pseudo-value and cause a log message to appear. No group parameters will be acted on.

If you do want to access and change the 'primary group' property and understand the implications, use the file.get_pgid or file.get_pgroup functions or the pgroup parameter on the file.chown module function.

## Dealing with case-insensitive but case-preserving names¶

Windows is case-insensitive, but however preserves the case of names and it is this preserved form that is returned from system functions. This causes some issues with Salt because it assumes case-sensitive names. These issues generally occur in the state functions and can cause bizarre looking errors.

To avoid such issues, always pretend Windows is case-sensitive and use the right case for names, e.g. specify user=Administrator instead of user=administrator.

Follow issue 11801 for any changes to this behavior.

## Dealing with various username forms¶

Salt does not understand the various forms that Windows usernames can come in, e.g. username, mydomain\username, username@mydomain.tld can all refer to the same user. In fact, Salt generally only considers the raw username value, i.e. the username without the domain or host information.

Using these alternative forms will likely confuse Salt and cause odd errors to happen. Use only the raw username value in the correct case to avoid problems.

Follow issue 11801 for any changes to this behavior.

## Specifying the None group¶

Each Windows system has built-in _None_ group. This is the default 'primary group' for files for users not on a domain environment.

Unfortunately, the word _None_ has special meaning in Python - it is a special value indicating 'nothing', similar to null or nil in other languages.

To specify the None group, it must be specified in quotes, e.g. ./salt '*' file.chpgrp C:\path\to\file "'None'".